After Franz Xavier Winterhalter, mid 19th Century The Empress Eugénie of France (née Eugénie de Montijo, Condesa de Teba) (1826–1920), wearing white dress with lace collar trimmed with blue ribbons, sash of the Spanish Order of Maria Louise, several pearl necklaces and a pearl tiara and veil in her upswept hair
Lot 140
After Franz Xavier Winterhalter
mid 19th Century
The Empress Eugénie of France (née Eugénie de Montijo, Condesa de Teba) (1826–1920), wearing white dress with lace collar trimmed with blue ribbons, sash of the Spanish Order of Maria Louise, several pearl necklaces and a pearl tiara and veil in her upswept hair
Sold for £1,260 (US$ 2,058) inc. premium

Lot Details
After Franz Xavier Winterhalter, mid 19th Century
The Empress Eugénie of France (née Eugénie de Montijo, Condesa de Teba) (1826–1920), wearing white dress with lace collar trimmed with blue ribbons, sash of the Spanish Order of Maria Louise, several pearl necklaces and a pearl tiara and veil in her upswept hair.
Enamel on gold, gilt-metal frame with pierced ribbon cresting and glazed reverse.
Oval, 41mm (1 5/8in) high
Provenance: Kent Portrait Survey, Parish of Langley, 14 June 1968, no.19

Footnotes

  • Eugénie de Montijo, born Doña Maria Eugenia Ignatia Augustina de Palafox-Kirkpatrick, Countess of Teba, became on her marriage to Napoléon III, Eugénie, Empress of the French. She was educated in Paris, at the fashionable convent of the Sacré Cœur, where she received an indelibly Catholic training. When Prince Louis Napoléon became president of the Second Republic she appeared with her mother at the several balls given by the "prince-president" at the Elysée Palace, and it was there that she met the future emperor, whom she wed on January 30, 1853. In 1856, the empress gave birth to an only son, Napoléon Eugène Louis Jean Joseph Bonaparte, styled Prince Impérial.

    Her beauty and style contributed greatly to the brilliance of the imperial regime and she was to lead European fashion during the 1850s and 1860s. As she was educated and very intelligent, her husband usually consulted her on important questions, and she acted as Regent during his absences in 1859, 1865 and 1870. As a conservative Catholic she was a staunch defender of papal temporal powers in Italy and an ultramontanist. Because of this, she was hated, and often scurrilously slandered, by the anti-clericals in France.

    When the Second Empire was overthrown after France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), the empress and her husband took refuge in England, and settled at Chislehurst, Kent. After his death in 1873 she moved 12 years later to Farnborough, Hampshire, and to her villa at Cap-Martin near Cannes, where she lived in retirement, abstaining from all interference in French politics.

    The present lot is a detail of a portrait by Franz Xavier Winterhalter of which there are many versions in various French museums, including the Musée National du Château de Versailles et du Trianon.
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