A battle scene on a rocky hillside, warriors on horseback charging, brandishing swords and shooting
Lot 288
A battle scene on a rocky hillside, warriors on horseback charging, brandishing swords and shooting arrows, an illustrated leaf probably from a dispersed manuscript of Mughal history, mounted on a leaf from the Imperial dictionary, Farhang-i Jahangiri Mughal, circa 1590-1600
Sold for £25,200 (US$ 41,775) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
A battle scene on a rocky hillside, warriors on horseback charging, brandishing swords and shooting arrows, an illustrated leaf probably from a dispersed manuscript of Mughal history, mounted on a leaf from the Imperial dictionary, Farhang-i Jahangiri
Mughal, circa 1590-1600
gouache on paper, two columns of script on painted surface, gilt-decorated floral border on a terracotta ground, verso a leaf from a manuscript of the dictionary Farhang-i Jahangiri, written in thirty-five lines of nasta'liq script, inner borders decorated with an intertwining floral motif in gold on terracotta ground, framed
244 x 133 mm.

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Private UK collection: acquired in Los Angeles in the 1950s or 1960s.

    The Imperial dictionary, Farhang-i Jahangiri, was written by Jamal al-Din Inju and is usually dated to 1608-9. However, the first time that a copy is mentioned as being presented to Jahangir is in 1623. According to Linda Leach, 'Jamal al-Din was a Sayyid from Shiraz who first served in the Deccan on arrival in India. He then travelled to Akbar's court and in 1597 the emperor became the patron of Inju's dictionary.' Leach adds that in 1623, on the anniversary of Jahangir's accession, the old scholar made the formal presentation which is recorded in the emperor's memoirs. Numerous copies were made for over a century and were owned by such people as Tipu Sultan.

    There are fifteen leaves from the dictionary in the Chester Beatty Library and were probably acquired from the French dealer Demotte. In his 1929 exhibition catalogue the dealer included some paintings which were mounted on dictionary folios, see L. Y. Leach, Mughal and other Indian Paintings from the Chester Beatty Library, vol. I, London 1995, pp. 321-324. For other comparative examples, see E. Binney III, The Mughal and Deccani Schools: Indian Miniature Painting from the Collection of Edwin Binney III, Portland 1973, nos. 20, 46.
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