Ten panels, ink and color on silk, now mounted into two screens (some panels with minor losses and retouching); each of the panels illustrating one of the Chinese Twenty-four Paragons of Filial Piety, figures famous for their devotion to their parents. Eight of the ten panels are identified as follows: panel 1 - No Nae-ja, whose parents were still alive when he was seventy, shown dressed in children's clothes and playing with toys so that his parents would not think of their own mortality; panel 2 - story of unknown subject; panel 3 - Ja Ro, depicted carrying a bag of rice to his aged parents while he himself ate wild plants; panel 4 - story of unknown subject; panel 5 - depicting O Maeng who slept outside his parents' bedroom during the summer so that mosquitoes would bite him rather than his parents; panel 6 - depicting Hwang Hyang who would fan his parents' bed in summer to cool it and warm it with his body heat in winter; panel 7 - possibly depicting the story of Min Son, whose wicked step-mother lined his winter coat with reeds instead of cotton, causing Min to lose control of the family's cart because he was so cold.As a result Min's father is shown beating him with a stick while his step-mother watches from behind, only to find out afterwards that Min's coat was filled with reeds; panel 8 - depicting Yuk Sok at the age of six who, having been served tangerines in the house of an important official, secreted a few in his clothes to take to his mother. The tangerines are shown falling from his sleeves as he is about to leave the official's house; panel 9 - depicting the lady Dang Choe-ssi, so devoted to her toothless old mother-in-law, that she kept her alive by feeding the lady with her own breast milk; panel 10 - depicting Han Mun je, the Han emperor so devoted to his mother that he served her medicine every day of the three years that she was ill.
Dimensions of each panel 47 7/8 x 15 in (121.5 x 38 cm)
Note: During the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), Chinese Confucianism was promulgated as the official state cult. The philosopher Confucius ( circa 551-479 BCE) was reputed to have written the first list of famous figures noted for their devotion to their parents; but other later figures came to be included in the list over intervening centuries. For a discussion of the various figures, see Virginia Lee Mead, 'Twenty-four Paragons of Filial Piety,' published in Arts of Asia 1997 (4), p. 85-95. For a ten-panel hyojado screens in the collection of the Ho Am Art Museum, dated to the late Joseon dynasty, see the Ho Am Art Museum exhibition catalogue Ggum gwa sarang (Auspicious Dreams) held April 3 - Jun 30 1998, cat. no. 74, p. 102. The panel illustrated on the right of No Nae-ja is quite similar to panel 1 of this lot.