[ST. CLAIR, ARTHUR. C.1734-1818.]
Lot 503
[ST. CLAIR, ARTHUR. C.1734-1818.]
Sold for US$ 6,435 inc. premium

Lot Details
[ST. CLAIR, ARTHUR. C.1734-1818.]
Manuscript Battle Plan, 1 p, in brown ink and watercolor, broadsheet, 14 1/2 by 12 inches, [Fort Washington, 1791], entitled, "General St. Clair’s Line of March, Order of Battle, & plan of Encampment, for the Expedition now departing," light offsetting, a couple of small ink-burn holes, tipped to mat, near fine.

St. Clair's plan for what came to be known as "St. Clair’s Defeat," or the Battle of the Wabash, the greatest defeat of the American army by Native Americans in history, depicting battalion and artillery placement for the march, the battle, and the encampment. St. Clair’s European tactics were tragically inappropriate to the guerrilla-style warfare and superior scouting of his enemies, Miami chief Little Turtle and Shawnee chief Blue Jacket. More than 600 American soldiers were killed and George Washington forced St. Clair’s resignation.

Adjutant-General Winthrop Sargent described the order of encampment depicted in the present plan: "two lines facing to the front and rear, the militia in the rear of the whole and the horse upon the flanks, covered by Faulkner's company of riflemen. The artillery disposed in the first and second line, in the intervals between the battalion, the whole occupying ... a length of more than one thousand yards" (Military Journal of Major Ebenezer Denny, cited by Guthman in March to Massacre, p. 224). St. Clair explained that the encampment was always to be in the order of battle, with "guards from each battalion ... posted from fifty to one hundred yards advanced in front and rear and on each flank, and a chain of sentries from them quite around the encampment. Without them one hundred yards more advanced, were outlying piquets, and another chain of sentries from them; and as soon as the tents were pitched, small parties were sent out in all directions to scour the country round" (quoted by Guthman, p. 242). Guthman, William, March to Massacre. A History of the First Seven Years of the United States Army.
See illustration.
Auction information

This sale is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future sales, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this sale, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Arms & Armor, Coins & Medals, Motor Cars, Motorcycles, and Wine & Whisky:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first $100,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from $100,001 to $2,000,000 of the Hammer Price
12% on the excess over $2,000,000 of the Hammer Price

Payment Notices

Payment for purchases may be made in or by (a) cash, (b) cashier's check or money order, (c) personal check with approved credit drawn on a U.S. bank, (d) wire transfer or other immediate bank transfer, or (e) Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover credit, charge or debit card. A processing fee will be assessed on any returned checks. Please note that the amount of cash notes and cash equivalents that can be accepted from a given purchaser may be limited.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Similar Items