Mary, Sovereign,
Lot 960
Mary, Sovereign, 15.5g, queen enthroned holding orb and sceptre, portcullis at feet, date MDLIII, at end of legend,
Sold for £13,512 (US$ 22,712) inc. premium
Auction Details
Mary, Sovereign, Mary, Sovereign,
Lot Details
Sovereign, 15.5g, queen enthroned holding orb and sceptre, portcullis at feet, date MDLIII, at end of legend, R.square-topped shield in centre of Tudor rose, within double tressure, double annulet stops, m.m.halved rose over castle, A DNO FACTU EST ISTUD Z EST MIRA IN OCUL NRIS (N.1956; S.2488), slightly creased, quite sharply struck coin with a very good portrait and full round edge, very fine, reverse better, extremely rare.



    Spink, sale 54, 20.6.1986. Lot 580.
    Glendining's 13.12.1937. Ex E. Fletcher, Lot 73.
    V.J.E. Ryan, 28.6.1950, Lot 258.
    Same dies as Lockett, Lot 4084.
    R.P. Beresford Jones, Lot 59.

    Believed to be only three known.

    Ex E. Fletcher (lot 73), and V.J.E. Ryan (lot 258) collections. Almost all the gold coinage of Mary bears the pomegranate mint-mark, being the badge of the House of Aragon, from which her mother Catherine, first wife of Henry VIII, was descended. However, a small number of fine sovereigns and angels bear an uncertain mark, previously termed a halved rose, which, together with a castle, subsequently appeared on the base pennies with the title P Z M, issued after her marriage.

    Very few specimens of the fine sovereign with the "halved rose" mark are believed to exist. It would appear that the single obverse die used to strike sovereigns dated 1553 was altered; among the specimens then struck from it are those in the British Museum (presented by the Goldsmiths Company in 1920, ex P.W.Carlyon-Britton, ex Sotheby 26 May 1902, lot 17), the R.C. Lockett collection (lot 4084, now in a private collection in Europe) and the present coin. A new reverse die with the "halved rose" mark, pellet stops in the legend, and a thicker inner circle, was then combined with the original altered obverse. Of this type, the cataloguer has noted two specimens, one acquired by the British Museum in 1829, the other in the Vaughan-Morgan collection (lot 23, subsequently Lockett lot 1923). This reverse die was also combined with an undated obverse die bearing similar characteristics; the British Museum specimen was acquired for them by Matthew Young at the Willett sale, 1827 (lot 114).
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