GALILEI, GALILEO. 1564-1642.
Dialogo di Galileo Galilei Linceo
sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo Tolemaico, e Copernicano.... Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632. Copper engraved title-page by Stefano Della Bella, woodcut printers device on printed title, woodcut initials and headpieces, and 31 woodcut illustrations in the text. 4ll., A-Z8, Aa-Ee8, Ff6, Gg-Ii4, Kk3. 4to (162 x 236 mm). Full contemporary vellum, title written on spine. Lacks front free endpaper, occasional light browning, text block partially separated from covers, minor wear to vellum, else generally a fine copy with margins untrimmed.
First edition. Includes correction slip pasted to F6v, and errata leaf Ff6. Galileos Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World was composed as a dialogue between two philosophers, one an Aristotelian philosopher representing the traditional view of the world, the other a Copernican (and mouthpiece for Galileo), arguing for a heliocentric universe. The book was banned by the Inquisition shortly after its publication: Galileo was again brought to trial before the church, and found guilty of having breached the terms of his 1616 trial (at which he was forbidden to hold Copernican views). Galileo would spend the rest of his life under virtual house arrest, but still managed to write the Discoursi, his most rigorous mathematical work. The Dialogo is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, willfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is, physics. Astronomy and the science of motion, rightly understood, says Galileo, are hand in glove. There is no need to fear that the earths rotation will cause it to fly to pieces (PMM). Bibliografia Galileiana 123.; DeV.905 IV/IV; Printing and the Mind of Man 128.
Provenance: Previously in the collection of Philip D. Sang.