Henry Bone R.A., Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (1748-1810), half-length, wearing rear-admiral's full-dress uniform and the three Naval Gold Medals of Trafalgar, First of June and St. Vincent, all on white ribbons with blue borders
Lot 129
Henry Bone R.A., Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (1748-1810), half-length, wearing rear-admiral's full-dress uniform and the three Naval Gold Medals of Trafalgar, First of June and St. Vincent, all on white ribbons with blue borders
Sold for £38,050 (US$ 63,077) inc. premium
Auction Details
Henry Bone R.A., Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (1748-1810), half-length, wearing rear-admiral's full-dress uniform and the three Naval Gold Medals of Trafalgar, First of June and St. Vincent, all on white ribbons with blue borders
Lot Details
Henry Bone R.A. (British, 1755-1834), , after Giuseppe Politi (fl.c.1807)
Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (1748-1810), half-length, wearing rear-admiral's full-dress uniform and the three Naval Gold Medals of Trafalgar, First of June and St. Vincent, all on white ribbons with blue borders.

enamel, , signed on obverse HBone and fully inscribed on reverse The Rt Honble Admiral/ Lord Collingwood &c &c &c/ London/ Novr 1811/ Painted by Henry Bone R.A./ Enamel painter in Ordinary to/ His Majesty & Enamel painter/ To His R.H. the Prince Regent/ after a Miniature, hammered brass frame.
Oval, 136mm (5 1/4in) high

Provenance: Christie's, 9 November 1965, lot 46

Walker,R; Regency Portraits, 1985, p.123

Footnotes

  • Collingwood entered the Navy in 1761 and was promoted to Lieutenant after Bunker's Hill in 1775 . He was tried by court-martial in 1777 for disobedience of orders but acquitted. He was Commander 1779 and Captain 1780. He was Captain of Barfleur in Lord Howe's victory of the 1st. June 1794, for which he was later awarded a gold medal.
    He was in command of the Excellent at St. Vincent, 1797, for which he received a gold medal. He was Rear Admiral 1799 and on the recommencement of war in 1803 he was appointed to a command in the fleet off Brest under Admiral Cornwallis. He was promoted to Vice Admiral in 1804 and in May 1805 he was dispatched to reinforce Nelson, then in pursuit of the French fleet.
    On September 28 he joined Nelson as second in command, aboard Royal Sovereign, he led the lee column in the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805. On Nelson's death, Collingwood succeeded to the Command. His service was acknowledged by his creation as Baron Collingwood of Caldburne and Hethpoole in Northumberland.
    After Trafalgar he spent eighteen months off the coast of Spain; then he went to the Dardanelles on the failed expedition under Sir John Duckworth. He was in Sicily in 1807–8, and seems to have been unfortunate in his failure to engage the French fleet under Vice Admiral Ganteaume. He went to the relief of Corfu, and two months later returned to Toulon.
    By now, his health was failing and in 1810, he died whilst still at his post. His body was brought to England, and, after lying in Greenwich, was buried in the crypt of St. Paul's by the side of Nelson. The monument to his memory is in the south transept of the cathedral.

    The prototype by Giuseppe Politi, painted in 1807 at Syracuse, Sicily, is now in a private collection in Cumbria. It is inscribed Giuseppe Politi Ciracusano dipinge le 18 Xbre 1807, suggesting that it was painted when Collingwood was aboard the Ocean, cruising along the Sicilian shore between October and December 1807. The painting appears to have been dispatched directly to Collingwood's wife in England, as on 28 July 1808, he writes to his wife "I am sorry to find my picture was not an agreeable surprise: I did not say anything to you about it, because I would always guard you as much as I could against disappointment; but you see, with all my care, I sometimes fail. The painter was reckoned the most eminent in Sicily; but you expected to find me a smooth-skinned, clear-complexioned gentleman, such as I was when I left home, dressed in the newest taste, and like the fine people who live gay lives ashore. Alas! it is far otherwise with me. The painter was thought to have flattered me much: that lump under my chin was but the loose skin from which the flesh has shrunk away; the redness of my face was not, I assure you the effect of wine, but of burning suns and boisterous winds; and my eyes, which were once dark and bright, are now faded and dim. The painter represented me as I am, not as I once was. It is time and toil that have worked the change. and not his want of skill. That the countenance is stern, will not be wondered at, when it is considered how many sad and anxious hours and how many heartaches I have. I shall be very glad when the war is over.

    Another enamel version was bequeathed by Collingwood's daughter, Sarah, to her niece Lady Robinson of Rokeby, Co. Louth in 1846. The fact that the present lot states on the reverse that it is "after a miniature" suggests that it was a second version and was copied directly from Bone's first version, commissioned by the family, rather than from Politi's oil portrait. Henry Bone's original drawing for the present lot is in the National Portrait Gallery's reference collection.
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