Property from the Monterey Maritime Museum, Monterey, California. A Rare Pair of Vincenzo Coronelli 18 1/2-inch Terrestrial and Celestial Globes, Italian, circa 1696,
Vincenzo Coronelli (1650-1718) considered by many to be the pre-eminent globe maker of the period, at the age of 15 became a novice in the Franciscan Order and also trained as a wood engraver. He eventually became the official cosmographer of the Republic of Venice and wrote more than one hundred works of terrestrial and celestial cosmography in Latin, French and Italian. In his work "Atlante Veneto" he provided the first complete description of the whole world and in 1678 he constructed a pair of terrestrial and celestial globes for the Duke of Palma. His international reputation in globe construction was made when commissioned by Louis XIV to produce a massive pair of globes of 3.85 metres in diameter known as the "Marley Globes" they were widely admired by the court at Versailles. In 1684 Vincenzo founded the Academy of Argonauts which was located in the friary of Frari in Venice and focused on the study of navigation and globe making. Vincenzo continued his experiments in hydraulics including a system for pumping water for fire fighting and in 1699 Pope Innocent XII commissioned him to help with the construction of a new port at Anzio. In 1717 he was invited by Emperor Charles VI to study the problems of the flooding of the Danube and his system of canals and locks was so successful that his designs were used to control flooding in other areas of the Austrian Empire.
A similar pair of Coronelli globes dated 1699 are part of the Lanman Collection at the Yale University Library, catalogue no. globes 20/21 and another pair dated 1696 at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. See Decker (Elly), Globes at Greenwich, OUP 1999, catalogue nos. GLBO 124,125. See also E.L. Stevenson, Terrestial and Celestial Globes (New Haven, 1921), II, p.118 and illustration, and with the locations of a number of other examples at p.257.