The superb group of Orders and Medals to Lieutenant General Sir Edward Howorth, K.C.B., G.C.H., Commander of the Royal Artillery at the Battle of Talavera,
Lot 103*
The superb group of Orders and Medals to Lieutenant General Sir Edward Howorth, K.C.B., G.C.H., Commander of the Royal Artillery at the Battle of Talavera,
Sold for £48,450 (US$ 82,946) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
The superb group of Orders and Medals to Lieutenant General Sir Edward Howorth, K.C.B., G.C.H., Commander of the Royal Artillery at the Battle of Talavera,

Footnotes

  • Lieutenant General Sir Edward Howorth was born in 1756; Lieutenant 7.7.1779; Captain 1.12.1782; Major 1.3.1794; Lieutenant Colonel 1.1.1798; Lieutenant Colonel in the Royal Artillery 18.3.1801; Colonel in the Royal Artillery 29.12.1805; Major General 4.6.1811; Lieutenant General 12.8.1819. Whilst serving in the Peninsula he was Brigadier General commanding the Artillery at the battles of Talavera, Busaco and Fuentes D'Onor.

    The Battle of Talavera took place between the 27th and 28th of July 1809. The British were determined to liberate the Peninsula from the aggression of Napoleon Bonaparte and appointed Sir Arthur Wellesley to command the British Army in Spain. After the passage of the Douro, a very brilliant exploit, although no clasp was given for it, Sir Arthur pursued the flying enemy for some days. Marshal Victor, having taken up a position at Talavera, to which place he had retreated on hearing of Soult's expulsion from Oporto, and Sir Arthur having formed a junction with the Spanish General, the combinesd forces proceeded along the valley of the Tagus and arrived at Talavera. On the afternoon of the 27th July, the French, turned on the left of Donkin's brigade and gained the hill in it's rear; but the brigade discovered in its error, and, being supported by Hill's brigade, the whole force poured in a destructive fire, charged with the bayonet, and drove the assailants down the hill with great slaughter. At midnight the attack was renewed, but was again gallantly repulsed, both armies then bivouacked for the night. Soon after daybreak on the 28th, a cannon shot was the signal for the advance of the French columns; they again and again pressed forward to within a few paces of the summit of the hill but were repulsed in all their attempts, leaving the ground covered by dead. A pause lasted until midday, when under the cover of 80 pieces of artillery and crowds of Voltiguers, four heavy columns advanced to the attack of the right and centre of the English line. After being received with well-directed volleys, numerous charges with the bayonet, and gallant charges by the cavalry, the enemy was repulsed at all points, and retreated under cover of the smoke of its guns and numerous cavalry. Seventeen guns, two tumbrils and ammunition, 17,000 stands of arms and several silk standards were captured.

    The British lost 2 generals, 31 officers and 761 men killed. There were 3 generals, 193 officers and 3,718 men wounded, and 9 officers and 643 men missing. The Spanish suffered a loss of 1,200. Whilst the French had 944 killed and 6,294 wounded and 156 prisoners, although this was disputed as being one quarter of their army, and the statement made by the French War Office was 8,794 men. The English Army numbered nearly 19,000 and the French 56,174, but only 16,000 of the English and 38,000 of the French were engaged in the battle, the remainder being kept in reserve.

    Sir Edward Howorth was awarded the gold medal for his outstanding effort, whilst Sir Arthur Wellesley was created Viscount Wellington of Talavera and Baron Douro.

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  • please note - there is a change in estimate £45,000 - £50,000
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