William Simpson R.I., R.B.A., (British, 1823-1899)
The new defences, Yenikale, Crimea
signed and dated "3 June 1855", inscribed verso, watercolour heightened with white
28.3 x 50.2 cm. (11 1/8 x 19 3/4 in.)
Illustrated: W. Simpson, The Seat of War in the East, P & D. Colnaghi & Co., London, 1855, 56., plate IV.
William Simpson was sent to the Crimea by Colnaghi's in 1854 to record the battles and progress of the campaign.
Built, by the Turks, in the early eighteenth century as a defence against the incursions of the Russians into the Black Sea, the fortress at Yenikale looks over the Kertch strait which leads to the Sea of Azov, west of Sevastepol. Yenikale and Kertch were captured by the British on 25th May 1855.
Simpson describes in his diaries: "The view embraces nearly the whole of the ground crossed by our troops from the point at which they landed...Here a party of French soldiers are hard at work, repairing the crumbling walls...The town of Yenikale is on the slope of ground to the right of the fortress, beyond which the masts of the Syphynx, the vessel left in charge of the place, are just distinguished. In the distance the Asiatic shore of the straits is discernable."
W. Simpson, The Seat of War in the East, P & D. Colnaghi & Co., London, 1855, p.3.